I then write quotations which will be useful for my analysis around the bubble.
Y ou can keep adding to this plan, crossing bits out and linking the different bubbles when you spot connections between them. Think about this while you are planning. Your essay is like an argument or a speech — it needs to have a logical structure, with all your points coming together to answer the question.
Start with the basics: it is best to choose a few major points which will become your main paragraphs. Three main paragraphs is a good number for an exam essay, since you will be under time pressure. For example, you could structure the Of Mice and Men sample question as follows:. Of course, this is not necessarily the only right way to answer this essay question: as long as you back up your points with evidence from the text, you can take any standpoint that makes sense.
We spoke to experts to get some simple techniques that will raise your writing game. Tim Squirrell is a PhD student at the University of Edinburgh, and is teaching for the first time this year. When he was asked to deliver sessions on the art of essay-writing, he decided to publish a comprehensive and brilliant blog on the topic, offering wisdom gleaned from turning out two or three essays a week for his own undergraduate degree.
The goal of writing any essay is to show that you can think critically about the material at hand whatever it may be. But what does critical evaluation actually look like? Write them and try to respond to them, so you become aware of flaws in your reasoning. Every argument has its limits and if you can try and explore those, the markers will often reward that.
How do you structure an essay correctly? What is the best essay format? This simple guide will show you how to dramtically improve your. In essay writing, an appropriate and effective essay structure is critical. Students often lose valuable marks by failing to structure their essays.
The use of Wikipedia for research is a controversial topic among academics, with many advising their students to stay away from the site altogether. Alternatively, you may partly agree or partly disagree with the statements or questions raised by the title , or by questions raised directly in responding to the title.
If so, say so. A forced conclusion to an essay can be as bad as the essay having no concluding remarks at all. In connection to the last point it should be emphasised that any essay should be about your ideas and your interpretation of the literature being studied. Of course your ideas may, and indeed should, develop through discussions with friends, fellow students, tutors and through the consultation of books and articles, but it is your ideas which should form the basis of the essay.
Whilst you will use material that is not your own, it is the way that you use, add to, adapt and modify this material that makes the argument your own and original. Your own voice should be heard. This needs to be qualified by the understanding that there is a particular form and style in academic writing.
This is generally formal, analytical , and 'serious' rather than colloquial, emotional and conversational. Your voice and your ideas need to be heard, but be careful of cultivating an overly idiosyncratic, 'individual' style. Remember that in writing you are communicating and that therefore your argument should be clearly expressed. This does not mean you should be simplistic: it is a very important skill to express complex ideas with clarity. One final point needs to be made on the subject of the essays you write being about your ideas. Some of you may find this an extraordinary statement but it is a bad idea to tailor and construct your essay around what you believe your tutor or the head of the course thinks about the text, and what you think she or he wants to hear.
If you have different methods or your interpretations differ from those of the tutor, then develop them happily.
Remember that essay writing is all about presenting an argument and using evidence from the text and elsewhere to back up your statements, and if you do this well you will be given credit for it whether or not the tutor agrees with the overall argument. It is not particularly interesting for tutors to read in essays only what they have said in class, particularly if this is reproduced in a flat, unconvincing, and unconvinced manner.
Of course you may agree and be persuaded by arguments and interpretations outlined in class but if you do not believe the arguments you reproduce in the essay it will be obvious and the tutor will wonder why you bothered to include them. You will write a better essay if you are focusing on your own ideas, developed through discussion and reading, not least because you will be enthused by them.
Eventually your ideas will be thought through, outlines planned and re-planned, main points developed, written down on paper, then rewritten, and finally given to your tutor. Nevertheless your work on the essay has not yet finished. Once the essay has been graded and returned it is very important that you do not merely look at the grade you have received before putting it at the bottom of your files.
Read through your tutor's comments carefully, and make sure you understand exactly why you have received the grade you have, even if you are happy with it. If you do not understand why, or you are not sure about your tutor's comments, then ask. If it is not possible to ask during class or you would prefer to talk privately go to your tutor during office hours, or make an appointment if these clash with other classes.
Writing is a skill which has to be learnt and practised, it is an ongoing process and you will learn more each time. Follow up work once the essay has been returned is an important part of this process. Because the paper quotes from the novel extensively, page numbers are found within the main body of the text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have been provided in a footnote to the first quotation. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes.
Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, within the main body of the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, makes up an indented paragraph. Note that even when the writing by the author of the paper is combined with quotations from the novel and secondary sources the sentences are still grammatically correct and coherent.
Jean Brodie is convinced of the rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: 'Give me a girl at an impressionable age, and she is mine for life'. When Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the 'Brodie set' 'as a body with Miss Brodie for the head' 36 , there is, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with the Church as the body of Christ. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie's influence and decides to go on the Modern side in the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for the Classical.
Eunice refuses to continue her role as the group's jester, or to go with them to the ballet.
Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on her religious convictions:. All that term she tried to inspire Eunice to become at least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and dangerous zone of the earth, for it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any of her girls should grow up not largely dedicated to some vocation.
Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a 'great lover' , and her tutor audaciously absolves her from the sins this will entail: 'she is above the moral code, it does not apply to her' This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls' judgement of Miss Brodie's actions.
The bibliography will usually include the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay , even if you have not referred to or quoted from them directly. The order is alphabetical and determined by the authors' names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined , whilst article titles appear in inverted commas.
When referring to books you should include the author's name, place of publication, the publisher, and the date when the book was published. There are several styles for laying out a bibliography, but the same elements appear in each, and you must be consistent.
Consult the handbooks to be found in the libraries for further details. Dahlgren, Pete.
Television and the Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, Dubois, Ellen. The Great War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Gledhill, Christine.
Pam Cook. London: BFI, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, The Greeks. London: Penguin, The essential information provided by each model is given in the same order, but they differ in the way that the details are presented. Whichever model you choose or are instructed to use ensure that you stay consistent to it. Consult reference works for further advice. All further references are to this edition and given in the text.